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17. Revolutionary Norwalk

Driving along East Ave. you will note a monument that stands at the corner of East Ave. and Adams Ave. in honor of the brave Norwalk residents that fought the British during a raid on Norwalk during the Revolutionary War.  In 1779 General Tryon sought to disrupt American naval activity in Long Island Sound by crippling the seaports of New Haven, Fairfield, and Norwalk.  On July 10, 1779, the General raided Norwalk with a combined force of over 2,600 Hessian and British soldiers and burned Norwalk down, leaving only six homes untouched.  The General and his forces landed at Calf Pasture and marched up Sunset Hill, to East Ave. and began what became known as the Battle of the Rocks.  Skirmishes ensued along Washington St., West Ave., Wall St., and Flax Hill. The British burned 135 houses, 2 churches, 89 barns, 25 shops, 5 vessels, 4 mills, and all the grain in Norwalk. 

After the war, the citizens of Norwalk rebuilt the town, adding coastal trade, manufacturing and shipbuilding to their farm businesses. Norwalk citizens manufactured clocks, watches, paper, pottery, nails, and hats. Oystering peaked between 1885 and 1910, going from public oyster beds to oyster farms.